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Sites and Articles for GBS Information

Group B streptococcus (GBS) is a type of bacterium that can cause illness in newborn babies, pregnant women, the elderly, and adults with other illnesses, such as diabetes or liver disease. GBS is the most common cause of life-threatening infections in newborns.











Antibiotic Treatment

Abstract of "Late third-trimester treatment of rectovaginal group B streptococci with benzathine penicillin G."
Bland ML, Vermillion ST, Soper DE. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2000 Aug;183(2):372-6.

General GBS Information

GBS Resources
A wonderful source for a myriad of links and GBS info compiled by GBS mom Cathie M.

Group B Strep Awareness Website
Written by moms for moms

Getting Tested for GBS

FDA clears new lab test for pregnant women
Article at November 2002.

The test expectant moms shouldn't skip
HealthDayNews article at February 1997 (scan).

Invasive Procedures

Group B Strep Can Definitely Invade the Placental Membranes
Excerpts from publications by Dr. Sharon Hillier, the CDC, Dr. James A. MacGregor, and Pathology of the Human Placenta, Third Edition.
Cervical Manipulations Linked to Perinatal Sepsis: Consider GBS-specific Chemoprophylaxis (Eight Case Reports).
Kathryn DeMott, OB/GYN News, Oct 15, 2001.
The Myth of the Vaginal Exam
Article at
Vaginal Exams in Late Pregnancy
Article at

Stripping the Membranes
Article at


Investigating the Group B Strep Case
TRIAL, the Journal of the Association of Trial Lawyers of America, May 1998.


Infection and Prematurity: the Evidence is In
Medical Tribune Opinion, February 1997 (scan).

Protocol Changes

A Population-Based Comparison of Strategies to Prevent Early-Onset Group B Streptococcal Disease in Neonates
SJ Schrag et al., New England Journal of Medicine, 347 (4):233-239, July 25, 2002. (abstract of article finding that universal screening is the better strategy!)
Study: Test All Pregnant Women for Group B Strep
HealthDayNews, July 2002


Sepsis Could be Underestimated in Newborn Babies
The Lancet, Issue 7, p. 1953, June 2003.

Urinary Tract Infections

Urinary Tract Infections During Pregnancy
John E. Delzell Jr, MD, and Michael L. Lefevre, MD, MSPH, American Family Physician, February 2001.


What You Don t Know Can Hurt Your Newborn
Dr. Dele Davis

If I only had a cure
Chad Horton

Vaginal Infections

The Impact of Regular Vaginal pH Screening on the Diagnostis of Bacterial Vaginosis in Pregnancy
D Gjerdingen, Journal of Family Practice, 49:1, January 2000 (scan).
A Prospective Study of Vaginal pH as a Predictor of Preterm Delivery
A Jazayeri, et al., The Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, 11:30-33, 2000 (scan).
pHEM-ALERT® Vaginal pH Testing
Package inserts and informational brochure (pdf files) for an an easy, convenient, single-use device for vaginal pH testing. This test may help you decide if your vaginal symptoms are likely caused by an infection that may require follow-up by your healthcare provider.
Streptococcus agalactiae: a vaginal pathogen?
(Note: Streptococcus agalactiae is Group B Strep)
Maniatis AN, Palermos J, Kantzanou M, Maniatis NA, Christodoulou C, Legakis NJ. Department of Microbiology, Medical School, University of Athens, Greece. J Med Microbiol. 1996 Mar;44(3):199-202.

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